Black Dove Productions
By the time of it's merger into Bel Air Entertainment, the company acquired Cinema Plus LP, Gemini Film (Czech Republic), Delta Video (France), SBP Worldwide S.A. (Argentina), Produzioni Europee Associati, Planet Pictures (Italy), Alcor Films and The Stuffed Dog Company.
Bel Air Entertainment
Bel Air Entertainment was a production company founded in 1998 by Steve Reuther. It was a joint venture between Warner Bros. and Canal+. It acquired Black Dove Productions, Lantia Cinema & Audiovisivi, Filmek & Cinematograph A/S, Northern Lights (Norway), Varus Video, Filamyer (Spain), Ognon Pictures, Gateno Films (Peru), Argus Film Produktie, Icelandic Film and Elliniki Kinimatografiki Enosi in 1999.
In 2001, Steve Reuther bought out Canal+'s 50% stake in the company and Bel Air spun off as independent. Later, European media conglomerates Kirch Group and Mediaset, along with distributors Svensk Film Industri and Lusomundo invested in theatrical, video and television distribution rights to pre-2000 films over five years for Germany, Italy, Spain, Argentina, Brazil, Poland, the former Soviet Union, Scandinavia and Portugal.
In 2005, they bought GoodTimes Entertainment, Luxembourg-based Carousel Picture Company, Zoma Films, Spain-based Araba Films' distribution business, German-based IM Internationalmedia AG and it's subsidiary Intermedia, and Gaylord Films and its France-based subsidiary Pandora.
In 2007, they bought out The Ladd Company, which was also formerly a Warner Bros company, and they merged to form Highway Film Company, operating in Los Angeles and Paris.
Bel Air Distribution
Bel Air Distribution was formed in 2000 to distribute films internationally, starting operations in Russia, Cezch Republic, France, Spain, Iceland, Peru, Netherlands, Argentina, Norway, Italy and Greece. It merged into Highway Film Company in 2007.
Highway Film Company
By 2008, the American companies Ascendant Pictures, Samuels Media, Quincy Jones-David Salzman Entertainment, Mirage Enterprises, NPV Entertainment, Yari Film Group, Entertainment Manufacturing Company, FilmEngine, Virtual Studios, Skylark Productions and Rising Star Pictures, the Romanian distributor Empire, the Argentinan Gativideo, the Spanish SOROlla Films and the German VIP Media Group were acquired by the newly-established Highway Film Company.
In 2012, Highway Film Company acquired Five Drops, Moviemax Movie Group and Ascension Pictures, which then became the German, Italian and Singapore/Malaysian production and distribution operations.
In 2013, the staff in the Los Angeles office moved to the new London headquarters to focus more on international distribution of independent films.
In 2015, they bought Enelmar Productions, A.I.E., Cott Productions, Fu Works, Fuqua Films, Shore Z Productions and SC Films International.
In 2017, it was acquired by, and shortly after merged into, Mirum Pictures International.
Cellulose Films Co Ltd
Cellulose Films was established as a Hong Kong-based division of Metro Optimum Films. In 2016, they bought out the Hong Kong operations of Great Warrior Films Co Ltd.
Armada Pictures was established as a Pakitsani division of Metro Optimum Films.
Angel Cat Films
Angel Cat Films was established as an Indonesian division of Metro Optimum Films. In January 2017, Angel Cat Films bought out Metro Optimum Films' operations in South Korea, India, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, and Turkey.
Northern Star Media
Northern Star Media was established as an Vietnamese division of Metro Optimum Films.
Sunrise International Pictures
In 2016, Metro Optimum Pictures bought out the operations in Argentina, Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Hungary, Lebanon and Montenegro.
Seven Seas Pictures
Seven Seas Pictures was a Tirindad division of Metro Optimum Films.
4th Dimension Film Distribution
4th Dimension Film Distribution was an Urugaian division of Metro Optimum Films.
In 2017, Heartbeat Pictures bought out Metro Optimum Films' operations in Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Panama, Israel and Peru. In exchange, its operations in Albania, Croatia, Latvia, Romania, Slovenia, Lithuania, Czech Republic, Estonia and Iceland were sold to Metro Optimum Films.
The Egyptian and Israeli operations were merged into Jaris Sunrise in February 2017.
Santa Maria Productions
Santa Maria Productions was a Chilean division of Metro Optimum Films.
Crystal Clear Film SRL
Crystal Clear Film was a Paraguaian division of Metro Optimum Films.
Jaris Films was a division of Metro Optimum Films, based in United Arab Emirates.
Noite Films was a Brazilian film production and distribution company owned by Metro Optimum Films.
Fairy Films was an Ecuadorian division of Metro Optimum Films.
In March 2017, Jaris Sunrise bought out the international sales operations & international distribution, remake, television, syndication, sequel, franchise, adaptation, acquisition rights and copyright holdings of the intellectual properties of TF1 International, MarVista Entertainment, Mandalay Pictures, Troma Entertainment, Samuel Goldwyn Films, Toei, Hoyts Distribution, Participant Media, Davis Films/Metropolitan Filmexport, Red Granite Pictures, Alcon Entertainment, New World Pictures, JVC, Taft International Pictures, Spelling Films International, BMG, Jim Henson Company, Carolco, Lucasfilm, Icon Productions, American Zoetrope, October Films, Mosfilm, ITC Entertainment, Goldcrest, SF Studios and Lakeshore Entertainment.
In April 2017, they bought out Sony Pictures Releasing/Home Entertainment's (joint venture and non-JV) operations in Belgium, Spain, Australia, Brazil, Denmark, Poland, Netherlands, Italy, Portugal, Singapore, Thailand with Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures' operations in Austria and Norway; Italia Films and Revolutionary Releasing
Touchstar Films (Japan)
Touchstar Pictures (Japan)
Froxonium Studios was an Australian division of Metro Optimum Films.
Hygo Films was a film studio division of Laserium Entertainment geared towards theatre and direct-to-video film production and distribution, that acquires, produces and distributes 10–15 low budget, "niche" and genre films each year, along with specialty films such as documentaries, independent and art films.
Mirum World was created as an on-demand label of Mirum World for the video on demand market and streaming services.
Shockshow Pictures was a Japanese distribution and production company, which covered live action movies and television series from Japan and other Asian markets and obscure horror and exploitation films. It's a subsidiary of Laserium Films Japan, and it distributed through a label of the same name owned by Laserium-CER2 Home Entertainment.
Evan Features was a label responsible for Christian oriented films.
RKO Television Stations Productions International/Skycat Group
RKO Television Stations Productions International, located in Germany, Netherlands, Hungary, Spain, Ukraine and Malaysia, was a production arm of RKO Television Stations Productions. In 2008, it gained offices in UK, Northern Ireland, Sweden, China, Australia, Russia, France, Brazil, Mexico, Colombia, Italy and San Diego.
The international offices were spun off as a worldwide group of companies, Skycat Group, in January 2009, but was soon bought out by a group of investors in 2014, who then went on to found Crystal Television in 2016. However, Skycat London was excluded from the deal and remained as a part of RKO Television Stations Productions International, until 2009. After that, Skycat London became the main UK operations of RKO Television Stations.
In June 2009, the name was re-tired and, the only remaining, San Diego office became a part of RKO Television Stations Productions.
1988 - 1991
1991 - 1993
1993 - 1999
1999 - 2004
2004 - 2010
2010 - 2013
2013 - 2016
Redo Antique Pictures
1948 - 1958
1958 - 1966
1966 - 1978
1978 - 1993
1993 - 2010
2010 - 2016
1953 - 1968
1968 - 1972
1972 - 1985
1985 - 1997
1997 - 2003
2003 - 2014
2014 - 2016
Leilah Delattre Films
In October 2016, LD Films became an animation department of Hippo International.
1991 - 1996
1996 - 1998
1998 - 2005
2005 - 2008
2008 - 2011
2011 - 2014
2014 - 2016
The Hand Channel
Topitoomay Movie Channel
Daniela Castro Pictures
In October 2016, Daniela Castro Pictures became a big part of fiction, documentary, drama and animation departments in Hippo International.
King Features (not to be confused with King Features Entertainment) was, by April 2017, a horror film division of FinleyLand Pictures used to produce and distribute horror films.
In January 2017, King Features' "Arthouse, Artistic/Foreign, Indie and African-American Films departments" merged into Square Pictures, while Eagle Fire Entertainment acquired all of King Features' thriller/sci-fi library and teams. Bird Films Sales took over its international operations immediately afterwards.
Marble Entertainment was a UK division of Polar Night Inc, and formerly of Bachmann Films.
Filmes Indenpedentes Cristãos
Bachmann Pathé Enterprises
Leopard Pathé Films
Crystal Television France Networks
Crystal Television France
Both the French division and its television network focused subsidiary were established as successors to Skycat Paris.
France Film was a French division of Crystal Entertainment, and formerly Bachmann Films.
Family Television was a company who owns FTV One that launched in 1985.
In 2016, Family Television Inc became Roblox Productions' New York operations.
Polar Night France
Hound Television was originally the ITV franchise holder for South West Ireland from September 11, 1961 to December 31, 1981. It was lost to Bay Blues TV on January 1, 1982. All rights to the logo, idents, and name were then owned by MGM from 1992 to 2004 when a Wizadora producer James Hanna acquired the logo, idents, and name and revived Hound as an independent production company.
Hound TV start broadcasts in colour.
In 2016, Hound Television became the Irish operations of Roblox Productions.
Crystal Television Dubai
It was founded as a successor to Super Spacetoon's production team in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. It became Roblox Productions' Dubai office.
Crystal Television Germany
Crystal Television Germany Fiktion & Drama
Crystal Television Germany Factual & Show
When Ktuhbodonut2011 Holdings acquired Crystal Television Germany departments focusing on factual programming, drama and fiction, it became the German operations of Roblox Productions.
Slot Machine Entertainment
Slot Machine Entertainment was an in-house sub-division located in Paris, France, which focused on game shows and educational programming. The production company was merged into RKO Television Stations Productions International in 2008.
Crystal Television France Factual & Show
The company was a successor to Skycat Paris' factual & show departments, which, in turn, was a successor to Slot Machine Entertainment.
Mio Group and Mio
Mio was a television production company in Copenhagen, Denmark, which produced and distributed content for channels in Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Sweden, Faroe Islands, Åland, Norway and Finland.
The operations were merged to Roblox Productions and Mio's shell company Mio Group was closed down in October 2016.
Question Block Productions
An Felling Artwork, "Question Block Productions (AKA "QBP")" is created in Brazil. In 2016, QBP became Roblox Productions' Brazilian operations.
RKO Television Stations Productions Brazil
RKO Television Stations Productions Brazil, a subsidiary of RTS LA and Hispanic Productions, was located in Sao Paulo, Brazil. It represents RKO's extensive TV formats portfolio in Brazil, covering both scripted and non-scripted programming. It also developed original shows for the Brazilian audience. The production company was merged into RKO Television Stations Productions International in 2008.
Skycat Sao Paulo
Crystal Television Latin America
It was acquired by BonageTV, which in turn was acquired by Wondrous Enterprises, in November 2016. However, it was sold to Roblox Productions in January 2017, and Crystal Television Latin America merged into Roblox Productions' Brazilian operations.
At Diverti was a distribution company owned by AMG Television (which, in turn, was owned by AMG Networks/AGH), until AGH merged into Village Lava. It merged with AMG Networks to become Roblox Productions Bucharest.
ACA-Academy became Roblox Productions Berlin's education department.
Harlech became Roblox Productions Cardiff in 2017.
Live International was an international production, animation and distribution arm of Live Entertainment, with offices in Los Angeles and New York and additional offices in London, UK and Paris, France.
In 2017, Live International bought Roblox Productions' international operations. Earlier, GBC Entertainment Europe acquired the Copenhagen office from Roblox Productions, while Laserium-GBC Networks Europe acquired the Paris and Berlin offices, but the Laserium-GBC's acquired offices quickly merged into Live International.They also acquired a bunch of companies in Europe, Americas, Australiasia and Africa.
- Golden Media Polska and Dragon Head S.C. (Poland)
- MMC Video Corp's offices in Mexico City and Puerto Rico
- Off the Fence's offices in Bristol, Los Angeles, Cape Town, Mainz and New York
- Pannonia Film Studio (Hungary)
- Future Films Group (UK)
- A.Film A/S (Denmark, Estonia and Los Angeles)
- Roadshow Animation's offices in Greece, Latvia, Romania, Burbank and Los Angeles
- Tidal Films/Magma Productions (Ireland)
- Nelvana's international offices in Shannon and Paris
- International theatrical and home entertainment rights to Laserium-GBC Networks Europe's pre-2005 library in UK, Switzerland, Germany and Netherlands
- The pre-1985 library of Atkinson Film-Arts, Crawley Films and Graphic Films
- BTI Studios offices in Maastricht, Bergen, Brussels, Oradea, Sofia and Budapest
- Altitude Film Entertainment, Ulysses Filmproduktion
- Like It Love It Productions Ltd.
- Factual programming producers Redback Media, Splash Media and Folio
- Zentropa Entertainment's offices in Paris, Berlin, Cologne, Rome, Eemnes, Warsaw, Glasgow and Oslo
- Karga Seven Pictures Istanbul
- Archlight Films' worldwide sales business and its Hong Kong, Toronto and Beverly Hills offices
- The film and TV libraries of Cambria Productions, Crawfords Australia, Burbank Films Australia, Engine 15 Media Group, LionHeart Filmworks and Sonar Entertainment
- Revolver Entertainment UK and the CineVox Filmproduktion GmbH assets
- Blue Parrot Productions and its library (however, only including The Usual Suspects)
Live International announced to open Live Asia shortly afterwards. The Burbank and Puetro Rico offices were merged to form the Miami office later on, while the European offices were merged into the London and Paris offices.
In June 2017, Live International bought the Cardiff (Wales), Burbank, New York City & San Mateo (USA) and Cork (Ireland) offices from Roblox Productions. The Burbank, San Mateo, Miami, Mexico City and Sao Paulo offices were merged into Los Angeles office, while the Cape Town office merged into the Paris office.
In January 2018, Live International merged into Mirum Pictures International.
In 2017, John River Group acquired Media3.14, Ovideo, K2000, Mediareport Producciones Audiovisuales, MediaSur, Mediapro Exhibitions, Mediapro Brands, Molinaire S.A.U, Local Antenna , Emóvil, Full Zoom, Liquid Media, Get Set, Imagina International Sales, Imagina France, Mediagooool, Mediarena, Mediapro Argentina, Media Base Sports, Mediapro Media, MediaBurst, MediaTravel & Logistics, MediaMovil, Media News and Media News Canary Islands, OmniCam4Sky, Overon, Park Media Audiovisuales SL, Unitecnic Media Solutions, Revolution Broadcast, Mediapro Portugal, WTVision, Xarxa Oberta and Mediapro's rights division.
- The exhibition and museographic departments were merged into Cenozoic Productions,
- the post-production, information, audiovisual & events production, transmission, communications & engineering, sports, travel, rights, international sales and distribution departments were sold (and merged) to Laserium-GBC Networks Europe
- Imagina France (Nimes and Paris) merged to become the Paris office, Imagina US became the Miami office and Mediapro Argentina became Vision Plus Latin America
- Vision Plus merged its Canary Islands and Portugal offices with the offices across Spain into the Barcelona headquarters.
In August, the Argentina office merged into the Miami office, while the Paris office was merged into Mirage World Films.
Mirum Pictures International
In 2017, Jaris Sunrise, Touchstar Pictures, Evan Features, recently-acquired Fortissimo Films and Cine@, Ivanhoe Pictures, Froxonium Studios, Shockshow Pictures and Hygo Films announced to merge into an international division of the indie label Mirum Pictures. The same month, they announced to start releasing Disney and Sony-produced films (along with independent films) under the original film distributors' labels.
They also acquired the DVD, Blu-ray, UltraViolet, Flixster, and DVD-manufacturing-on-demand distribution rights of the John River Entertainment film library in North America, Mexico, Australia, New Zealand, Germany and France.
In July 2017, Metro Optimum Cinemas Group acquired film distributors and cinemas across Europe, Middle East, Asia, Africa and Latin America, making Mirum Pictures International one of the largest distributors of independent (and major) films in the world.
The cinema divisions were integrated under Metro Optimum Theaters Group cinemas, while the management and talent related operations were moved to Quoner Management, the rental operations were moved to Laserium Lifestyle Group and the financing operations moved partly to Laserium Bank Group. The film distribution and sales and related operations were integrated under Mirum Pictures International.
They also acquired Rezo Films, Pyramide Distribution, United International Pictures' operations in Colombia, Peru, Panama, Greece, Poland, Argentina, Turkey, Thailand, Singapore, Brunei, Malaysia and all of Africa (except Francophonic West Africa), Zodiak Entertainment's film distribution operations, Paramount Pictures' Spanish and Portuguese operations, MGM's Belgian distribution operations, Belga Films' Luxembourg operations, Paramount Pictures Taiwan and Buena Vista International Russia, Forum Cinemas' distribution operations, Focus Media, Consorcio Filmico, NOS' distribution operations outside Portugal and Karo Premiere.
In August 2017, Mirum Pictures International, Canwest Media and Meridian Communications announced a specialty films sub-label Fireworks MCM. However, Meridian Communications and it's owner Canwest Media, shortly after, dropped out of the venture. The venture was renamed and founded as Mirum Fireworks.
That month, Mirum Pictures acquired remains of A-Film Benelux (which Laserium Holdings started acquiring in 2013, shortly after it's closure), A-Company's distribution offices in Vietnam, Russia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Hungary and the Film Licensing International office, and the Danish and Norwegian distribution offices of United International Pictures.
They announced to create merge the output deals with The Weinstein Company, Pantelion Films (Lionsgate & Televisa) and MGM in Poland, Hungary, Colombia, Mexico and Chile. However, the Polish and Hungarian output deals were soon bought by Mirum Pictures International themselves. Soon, the newly-established Fine Line Features (and Legendary Pictures) then transferred the African, South American, Middle Eastern and African distribution rights to Mirum and it's co-distribution partners in the continents affected.
The follwing month, a consortium of distributors followed suit. Warner Bros. Entertainment Australia & New Zealand, Pentalion/Lionsgate, The Weinstein Company, Oriental DreamWorks, DHX Media, Globo Filmes, Entertainment One, Sony Pictures and MGM gave away their distribution rights, in New Zealand, Mexico, Brazil, Chile, China, Philippines and Colombia, to, of course, Mirum Pictures International. The Metro Optimum Films' offices in Lebanon, Mexico, New Zealand and South Africa (along with its Australian distribution rights to Mirum Pictures films) were also acquired that same day.
Between June and September, Mirum Pictures International distributed and financed their first film, Jaded and Confused, produced by Mirage World Films. They acquired worldwide distribution rights (excluding in Sweden, Netherlands and China) to Mirage World's films later that September.
In October, Mirum Pictures International and A24, along with Anarchos Productions announced that they will be working on a film adaptation of Slade House, another novel by David Mitchell (Cloud Atlas). MPI also announced to work on a remake of Gothika with Silver Pictures and Alcon Entertainment.
Also that month, they started the production of new Lars Von Trier film with Modern Times Group, Zentropa, Film Väst, Film4 Productions and the broadcasters Arte, France 3 and Yleisradio.
Later that same month, Mirum Pictures International acquired global rights (outside of film rights in Japan) for the Gamera series, and announced a re-release of all Gamera films outside of Japan theatrically, which will occur somewhere in 2018.
In 2018, after Live International and Vision Plus were merged into Mirum Pictures International, the Los Angeles, Miami, New York offices were merged into it's parent company Mirum Pictures, while the television and broadcasting-focused operations were merged into Mirum Pictures' owner Laserium Entertainment.
International co-distribution deals
- Warner Bros. Pictures International - UK, Australia, Ireland and Germany
- Tobis Film, Constantin Film, Universum Film and A-Company Filmed Entertainment - Germany
- Entertainment Film Distributors and Paramount Pictures - UK
- Roadshow Film Distributors - Australia
- Rogers Media - Canada
- Metro Optimum Films - Europe and Russia
- Pathé, Gaumont, Orange Studio, BAC Films, Metropolitan Filmexport, SND and StudioCanal - France
- Central Partnership - Russia
- Falcon - Czech Republic
- Belga Films, Cineart - Belgium and Netherlands
- Nordisk Film - Nordic countries
- United International Pictures and SF Studios - Sweden
- Scanbox Entertainment - Nordic countries (excluding Finland)
- Finnkino - Finland
- Angel Films - Denmark
- NOS Audiovisuais - Portugal
- Filmax - Spain
- Lucky Red - Italy
- Ascot Elite Entertainment Group - Switzerland
- Fine Line Features & Legendary Pictures - Asia
- Huayi Brothers and Shaw Bros. Pictures - China
- Toei, Kadokawa, Asmik Ace Entertainment, Longride, Toshiba, Laserium Films Japan, Amuse Soft Entertainment and Toho - Japan
- Globus Max - Israel
- Golden Village - Singapore
- Sahamangokol Film - Thailand
- PT Omega Film - Indonesia
- Lotte Entertainment and Huayi Brothers - South Korea
- Universal Pictures - Taiwan
- Media Asia Group and Panorama Entertainment - Hong Kong
- Falcon Films - Lebanon
- Miramax International, Front Row Filmed Entertainment and BeIN Media Group - Middle East (except Lebanon)
- Les Films 26 - Francophonic West Africa